Grace Bible Church

4000 E. Collins Rd.   P.O. Box #3762   Gillette, WY  82717   (307) 686-1516


- Preaching the Living WORD through the Written WORD - 2 Tim 4:2 -






 (2Pe 1:5 from vss. 3-10)    8-26-12

Grace Bible Church, Gillette, Wyoming

Pastor Daryl Hilbert





A.    The Explanation of Knowledge (gnōsis)


1.     Gnōsis is knowledge that is gained through the normal means of learning and understanding. It can include the idea of perception, but a perception based on learning and understanding. It is knowledge that grasps truth, its reality, and the comprehension of it. It is achieved in all the acts in which a man can attain knowledge, in seeing, observing, investigating, and reflecting. 

2.     In the mystery religions, gnosis and epignōsis are erroneously believed to be an esoteric and mystical knowledge. That is, knowledge that only the elite are able to attain. This erroneous knowledge is gained not through rational thought but through enlightenment of the deities. To them this mystical knowledge is the pathway to salvation.

3.     In the Scriptures gnosis and epignōsis are true, full, and virtuous knowledge that are based on the knowledge of God. It therefore seeks the true and full knowledge of God and His truths and applies them to every aspect of life. It refers to a virtuous and practical knowledge that lives life according to the knowledge of god and His Word through the illumination of the Holy Spirit.

a)    knowledge. This means understanding, correct insight, truth properly comprehended and applied. This virtue involves a diligent study and pursuit of truth in the Word of God. MSB

b)    Knowledge refers to the divine truth that is the foundation of spiritual discernment and wisdom (Rom. 15:14; 2 Cor. 10:5; Col. 1:9; cf. Prov. 2:5–6; 9:10), the truth properly understood and applied (cf. Col. 1:10; Phile. 6). This virtue is related to illumination (cf. 2 Cor. 4:6), which is having one’s mind accurately enlightened about the truth of Scripture (Col. 3:10; Titus 1:1; 2 Peter 1:3; 3:18) and involves diligent study and meditation on it (John 5:39; Acts 17:11; 2 Tim. 2:15; cf. Deut. 11:18; Job 23:12; Ps. 119:97, 105), so as to acquire “the mind of Christ” (1 Cor. 2:16). MAC


B.    The Means of Knowledge for the Believer


1.     It is Through the Illumination of the Holy Spirit


a)    The difference between the believer and the unbeliever (1Co 2:11, 14) in regard to knowledge is the indwelling and the illumination of the Holy Spirit.

b)    Because the believer was sealed and indwelt by the Holy Spirit at the moment of salvation (Eph 1:13; 1Co 3:16), the Holy Spirit illuminates the believer to understand and gain the knowledge of God (Joh 14:26; 16:13-15).

c)     Illumination is the process whereby the Holy Spirit opens the mind of the believer to observe and comprehend God’s knowledge and truths in Scripture (1Co 2:9-16).


2.     It is by the Inspired Word of God


a)    Since the Holy Spirit gave believers God’s knowledge and truth in the Scriptures (2Pe 1:20-21; Heb 3:7; 9:8; 10:15), it is through the Scriptures that He illuminates the believer.

b)    The Old Testament made it clear that the embodiment of knowledge and truth was found in God’s Law (Rom 2:20).

c)     The Scripture’s view of the source of wisdom and knowledge comes from the Word of God (Jer 8:9; Pro 2:6; Col 3:16).

d)    The Holy Spirit uses the Scriptures to enlighten the believer heart to the knowledge and truths of God (Psa 19:8; 119:105, 13; Eph 1:17-18).